A

    Abdomen
    The part of the body that contains the stomach, liver, and guts. The belly.
    Abnormal
    Different from what is usual, natural, or average. Not normal.
    Abscess
    A sac of pus caused by bacteria or other infection. For example, a boil.
    Acitvated Dimethicone
    Dimethicone is an antiflatulant; this medicine is used to relieve excess gas and colic pains in infants.
    Acne
    Acne is a skin problem that causes swellings commonly form as whiteheads, blackheads or in fact inflamed red growths depending on the color of the skin.
    Acne (Pimples)
    Acne is a skin problem that causes formation of bumps which grow to form small ?whiteheads? of pus or sometimes ?blackheads? of dirt; these growths are commonly called pimples.
    Acute
    Sudden and short-lived. An acute illness is one that starts suddenly and lasts a short time. The opposite of chronic.
    Acute abdomen
    An emergency condition of the abdomen that often requires a surgical operation. Severe pain in the belly with vomiting and no diarrhea may mean an acute abdomen.
    Acute bronchitis
    Acute bronchitis occurs only once or occasionally and it is an infection of the tubes that carry air to the lungs (bronchi); it causes a noisy cough, often with mucus or phlegm.
    Acute Renal Failure
    Acute kidney failure is a disease in which the kidneys suddenly stop performing their function of removing excess fluid and other chemicals as well as waste products from the blood.
    Adolescent
    The years in which a child becomes an adult. The teens: 13 to 19 years old.
    Afterbirth
    see placenta
    AIDS
    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a disease in which there is a severe loss of the bodys cellular immunity, greatly lowering the
    Alcoholism
    Alcoholism is a chronic disease in which your body becomes dependent on alcohol.
    Allergic conjunctivitis
    This is an allergic condition which affects the eye
    Allergy, allergic reaction
    A problem such as an itching rash, hives, sneezing, and sometimes difficult breathing or shock that affects certain people when specific things are breathed in, eaten, injected, or touched.
    Aluminum Hydroxide
    This medicine is used to treat heartburn and indigestion; it is also used to lower high phosphate levels in the body
    Alzheimers disease
    Alzheimers disease (AD) is a disease which occurs due to loss of nerves leading to defective brain function; it is common in old age
    Amebas (also amoebas)
    Tiny animals that live in water or in the gut can only be seen with a microscope. They can cause diarrhea, dysentery, and liver abscess.
    Amoebiasis
    Amoebiasis or amoebic dysentery is a disease caused amoeba that affects the wall of large intestine, causing formation of tiny ulcers. Usually, the parasite lives in a persons large intestine without causing any symptoms.
    Amoebic Dysentery
    Amoebiasis or amoebic dysentery is a disease that affects the wall of large intestine, causing formation of tiny ulcers.
    Amputation
    Loss of a body part.
    Analgesic
    Medicine to calm pain.
    Anemia
    A disease in which the blood gets thin for lack of red blood cells. Signs include tiredness, pale skin, and lack of energy. See also pemicious anemia.
    Antacid
    Medicine used to control too much stomach acid and to calm stomach upset.
    Anthrax
    Anthrax is a disease caused bacterial germ, it infects the skin, alimentary canal and the lungs; it is a disease that affects animals like cattle and sheep which can spread it to humans.
    Antibiotic
    Medicine that fights infections caused by bacteria
    Antiemetic
    Vomit-control medicine. A medicine that helps keep people from vomiting or feeling nauseous.
    Antihistamine
    Medicine used to treat allergies such as hay fever and itching. Also helps control vomiting and causes sleepiness.
    Antiseptic
    A soap or cleaning liquid that prevents growth of bacteria.
    Antispasmodic
    Medicine used to relieve cramps or spasms of the gut.
    Antitoxin
    Medicine that acts against or neutralizes a poison or toxin. Often made from the blood serum of horses.
    Antivenin (anti-venom)
    An antitoxin used to treat poisoning from a venom, such as snake poison.
    Anus
    The opening at the end of the gut between the legs; asshole.
    Aorta
    The main artery or vessel that carries blood out of the heart to the body.
    Apoplexy
    An old word for stroke. See Stroke.
    Appendix
    A finger-like sac attached to the large intestine (gut).
    Appropriate
    Something that is easiest, safest, and most likely to work in a particular situation or condition.
    Artery
    A vessel carrying blood from the heart through the body. Arteries have a pulse. Veins which return blood to the heart have no pulse.
    Ascaris (roundworm)
    Large worms that live in people`s intestines and cause discomfort, indigestion, weakness, and sometimes gut obstruction (blocking of the gut).
    Ascaris Lumbricoides
    This is a large round worm which is found in the intestines, it is yellowish white in color; it measures between 5 to 35 centimeters.
    Aspiration
    To draw out as with a syringe.
    Asthma
    Asthma is a disease that affects the breathing system (respiratory system), it causes attacks of difficulty in breathing
    Athlete
    Athletes foot is a fungal infection that commonly affects the soles of the feet, the areas between the toes, and sometimes the toenails; it can affect other areas as well.
    Athletes Foot
    Athletes foot is a fungal infection that affects the soles of the feet, the areas between the toes, and sometimes the toenails.
    Bacillary Dysentery
    Dysentery is a serious disease of the digestive system, which causes diarrhea, vomiting, fever, abdominal cramps among other symptoms.

B

    Bacitracin
    This medicine is used to prevent or treat skin infections; bacitracin works to injure the bacteria and fight the infection.
    Bacteria
    Tiny germs that can only be seen with a microscope and that cause many different infectious diseases.
    Bacterial Meningitis (Meningococcal)
    Meningitis is a dangerous disease which attacks suddenly with symptoms of fever, rash, headache, nausea, vomiting and stiff neck.
    Bag of waters
    The sac inside the womb that holds the baby; amniotic sac. When it breaks, releasing its fluid, this usually means that labor has begun.
    Bed sores
    Chronic open sores that appear in people who are so ill they do not roll over or change position in bed.
    Bedsores
    Bedsores, also called pressure ulcers, are areas of broken skin that develop in people who have been confined to bed for extended periods of time
    Benzoyl Peroxide
    This medicine is used to treat acne; benzoyl peroxide works to injure the bacteria and fight the infection causing the acne (pimples).
    Benzydamine-Mouthwash
    This medicine is used to prevent and treat mouth infections; it is important as oral hygiene aid and helps to prevent formation of plaque.
    Bewitchment
    The act of casting a spell or influencing by witchcraft; hexing. Some people believe that they get sick because a witch has bewitched them or given them the `evil eye’.
    Bile
    A bitter, green liquid made by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It helps digest fat.
    Birth defects
    see Defects.
    Bisacodyl
    Bisacodyl is used to treat constipation; it works to increase the activity of the bowel.
    Bites and Stings
    A bite or sting is an injury caused by an insect or an animal.
    Blackhead
    A small plug or “head” of dirt blocking a pore in the skin of the face, chest, or back. A kind of pimple.
    Bladder stones
    see kidney stones.
    Blood pressure
    The force or pressure of the blood upon the walls of the blood vessels (arteries and veins); it varies with the age and health of the person.
    Boil
    A boil is a skin infection that starts around a root of body hair or an oil gland
    Booster
    A repeat vaccination to renew the effect of an earlier series of vaccination.
    Boric acid ear drops
    This medicine has some antifungal and antibacterial activity and will help fight ear infections.
    Bowel movement
    To have a bowel movement is to defecate; to shit; the way of passing solid waste out of the body.
    Brand name
    Trade name. The name a company gives to its products. A brand-name medicine is sold under a special name and and is often more expensive than the same generic medicine.
    Breast abscess
    see Mastitis.
    Breast Cancer
    Breast cancer is a type of cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
    Breech delivery
    A birth in which the baby comes out buttocks or legs first.
    Broad-spectrum antibiotic
    A medicine that works against many kinds of micro-organisms. Compare with a narrow-spectrum antibiotic, which works against only a few.
    Bronchi
    The tubes leading to the lungs, through which air passes when a person breathes.
    Bronchitis
    An infection of the bronchi.
    Brucellosis
    Brucellosis is a disease which affects animals but can spread to human beings; the patient suffers symptoms of fever, headache, sweating, shivering, joint pains and general body weakness.
    Bubo
    A very swollen lymph node. Bubos is a common name for lymphogranuloma venereum.
    Burn
    A burn is a type of injury to flesh caused by heat, electricity, lightning, chemicals, light, radiation or friction
    Burns
    A burn is a type of injury to flesh caused by heat, electricity, lightning, chemicals, light, radiation or friction.
    Buttocks
    The part of the body a person sits on, ass, arse, rump, behind backside butt.

C

    Calcium Supplement
    This medicine is used for prevention of calcium deficiency and treatment of calcium deficiency and other conditions including high blood phosphorus, low blood calcium adjunct therapy for insect bites, reduced blood magnesium, cardiac arrest, required in pregnancy, old age, childhood and osteoporosis among other uses.
    Cancer
    A tumor or lump that grows and may keep growing until it finally causes death.
    Cancer of the Cervix
    Cancer of the cervix is a cancer that affects a part of the female genital system the cervix.
    Carbohydrates
    Starches and sugars. Food that provide energy.
    Cassava (manioc, yuca)
    A starchy root grown in the tropics.
    Cast
    A stiff bandage of gauze and plaster that holds a broken bone in place until it heals.
    Cataract
    A cataract is a condition which causes the lens of the eye to become cloudy.
    Catheter
    A rubber tube used to drain urine from the bladder.
    Cavity
    A hole or sport of decay in a tooth where bacteria have destroyed part of the tooth.
    Centigrade (C)
    A measure or scale of heat and cold. A healthy person`s temperature (normal temperature) is 37◦C.Water freezes at 0⁰C. And boils at 100⁰C.
    Cerebral Palsy
    Cerebral palsy is a physical disability that affects the way that a person moves.
    Cervix
    The opening or neck of the womb at the back of the vagina
    Cetirizine
    Cetirizine is used to relieve allergy symptoms. It works to block the allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the bodys reaction to the allergen.
    Cetylpyridinium
    This medicine is used in sore throat and as an adjunctive therapy in mouth and throat infections.
    Chamomilla extract spray
    This medicine is used to treat inflammation of oral cavity,periodontitis,acute gingivitis, after tooth extraction, and transplant;
    Chancre
    A painless sore or ulcer on the genitals, finger, or lip that is one of the first signs of syphilis.
    Chicken Pox
    Chicken pox is a disease caused by a virus germ, it is mild in intensity; it causes symptoms of slight fever followed by a skin rash.
    Child Health Chart
    A monthly record of a child`s weight that shows whether the child is gaining weight normally.
    Childbirth fever
    (This is also called childbed fever, postpartum infection, or puerperal infection.)The fever and infection that mothers sometimes develop after childbirth.
    Chlamydia
    Chlamydia is a germ which causes sexually transmitted infections with serious health consequences; the germ cause sickness in the cervix, epididymis, and prostate
    Chlamydia Infections
    Chlamydia infection is sexually transmitted infections with serious health consequences; the germs cause sickness in the cervix, epididymis, and prostate; the disease could cause ectopic pregnancy, could infect the eye among other serious complications.
    Chlorhexidine Gluconate
    When in the form of mouth wash or gargle, this medicine is used to prevent and treat mouth infections including oral candidiasis, gingivitis, and management of aphthous ulcers, ulcer surfaces and others.
    Chloroxylenol Antiseptic
    This medicine is in the form of antiseptic, which is used for cleansing and disinfecting wounds; it is also used on burns, pre-operative hand and skin disinfection and for general hand disinfection.
    Chlorpheniramine
    Chlorpheniramine is used to relieve allergy symptoms; it works to block allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the bodys reaction to the allergen.
    Cholera
    Cholera is a dangerous disease which infects the digestive system; it causes sudden profuse watery diarrhea (rice water) and vomiting which leads to severe dehydration, this may lead to death.
    Cholesterol
    An elevated level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a form of dyslipidaemia that has been shown to be strongly associated with an increased risk of developing atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD), leading to cardiovascular events.
    Chronic
    Long-term or frequently recurring (compare with acute). A chronic disease is one that lasts a long time.
    Chronic Bronchitis
    Chronic bronchitis is a bronchitis that occurs as result of frequent infection of the bronchi tubes leading to the germs staying in the chest and causing chronic bronchitis.?
    Chronic Renal Failure
    Acute kidney failure is a disease in which the kidneys suddenly stop performing their function of removing excess fluid and other chemicals as well as waste products from the blood.
    Circulation
    The flow of blood through the arteries and veins by the pumping of the heart.
    Cleft
    Divided separated. A child born with a cleft palate has a separated or abnormal opening in the root of his mouth.
    Climacteric
    Menopause
    Clotrimazole Oral Drops
    This medicine is used to oral fungal infections, oral candidiasis (oral moniliasis). Clotrimazole works to injure and kill the fungi and fight the infection.
    Colic
    Sharp abdominal pains caused by spasms or cramps in the gut
    Colostrum
    The first milk a mother`s breasts produce. It looks watery but is rich in protein and helps protect the baby against infection.
    Coma
    A state of unconsciousness from which a person cannot be wakened. It is caused by disease, injury, or poison, and often ends in death.
    Common cold
    Common cold is an infection of the upper respiratory tract which happens suddenly with symptoms of running nose, tears, irritated throat, shivers and general body weakness lasting 2-7 days. Common cold is caused by germs called corona viruses
    Community
    A group of people living in the same village or area who have similar living conditions, interest, and problems.
    Complications
    Secondary health problems that sometimes develop in the course of a disease. For example, meningitis may result as a dangerous complication of measles.
    Compost
    A mixture of plant and animal waste that is allowed to rot for use as a fertilizer. Hay, dead leaves, vegetable waste, animal droppings, and manure all make good compost.
    Compress
    A folded cloth or pad put on a part of the body. It may be soaked in hot or cold water.
    Conjunctiva
    A thin, protective layer that covers the white of the eye and inner side of the eyelids.
    Consciousness
    see Loss of consciousness.
    Constipation
    Dry, hard, difficult stools (bowel movements) that do not come often.
    Consumption
    An old name for tuberculosis.
    Contact
    Touch. Contagious diseases can be spread by a sick person coming in contact with (touching or being close to) another person.
    Contagious disease
    A sickness that can be spread easily from one person to another.
    Contaminate
    To dirty, stain, or infect by contact. A syringe that has not been boiled is often contaminated and can cause infections, even though it looks clean.
    Contraception
    Oral contraceptives also known as birth control bills are made from substances that normally occur in a woman?s body called hormones.?
    Contraceptive
    Any method of preventing pregnancy
    Contractions
    Tightening or shortening of muscles. The strong contractions of the womb when a woman is in labor help to push the baby out.
    Contractures
    Shortened or tight muscles in a joint, which limit movement.
    Contraindication
    A situation or condition when a particular medicine should not be taken. (Many medicines are contraindicated in pregnancy.)
    Convulsions
    An uncontrolled fit. A sudden jerking of part or all of the person`s body, as in meningitis or epilepsy.
    Corn
    A corn is thickened skin on the top or side of a toe, usually from shoes that do not fit properly, usually caused by repeated pressure
    Cornea
    The clear outer layer or window of the eye, covering the iris and pupil.
    Corns
    Corns and calluses are thickened layers of skin caused by repeated pressure or friction.
    Cough
    A cough is sudden reflex human beings and many animals have to clear the throat and breathing passage of foreign particles, microbes, irritants, fluids and mucus - it is a rapid expulsion of air from the lungs
    Cramp
    A painful tightening or contraction of a muscle.
    Cretinism
    A condition in which a child is born mentally slow and often deaf .It is usually due to lack of iodine in the mother`s diet.
    Cupping
    A home remedy that consists of drawing blood to the surface of the body by use of a glass or cup with a flame under it.
    Cyst
    An abnormal, sac-like, liquid-filled growth developing in the body.
    Cytomegalovirus
    Infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV), a member of the herpes virus family

D

    Dandruff
    Oily white or grayish flakes or scales that appear in the hair. Seborrhea of the scalp.
    Decongestant
    A medicine that helps relieve swelling or stuffiness of the nose or sinuses.
    Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
    Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a disease in which a blood clot forms in one or more of the blood vessels (deep veins) in your body, commonly the legs.
    Defects
    Birth defects are physical or mental problems a child is born with, such as a hare lip, club foot, or an extra finger or toe.
    Deficiency
    Not having enough of something; a lack
    Deformed
    Abnormally formed, not having the right shape.
    Dehydration
    A condition in which the body loses more liquid than it takes in. This lack of water is especially dangerous in babies.
    Delirium
    A state of mental confusion with strange movements and speech; it may come with high fever or severe illness.
    Dequalinium
    This medicine is used in sore throat and as an adjunctive therapy in mouth and throat infections.
    Dermal
    Of the skin
    Dermatitis
    An infection or irritation of the skin.
    Desloratadine
    This medicine is used to relieve allergy symptoms; it is also used to treat urticaria. Desloratadine blocks the allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the bodys reaction to the allergen.
    Dexchlorpheniramine
    Dexchlorpheniramine is used to relieve allergy symptoms; it works to block allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the bodys reaction to the allergen.
    Dextromethorphan
    This medicine is used to relieve coughing. It works through an action on the cough center in the brain.
    Diabetes
    Diabetes is a sickness in which the blood of a person contains too much sugar (glucose) in their blood; in diabetes, the body does not produce enough chemical substance (hormone) called insulin
    Diabetes Complications
    Diabetes is a disease that causes many complications, some are short term while others are long term; short term complications of diabetes include hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.
    Diaper Rash
    Nappy rash is a very common condition that can cause a babys skin to become sore, red, scaly, and tender.
    Diarrhea
    Diarrhea is a sickness in which a person passes loose or watery stool at least 3 or more times in a day.
    Diclofenac
    Diclofenac is used to relieve pain and inflammation; this medicine is also used to treat arthritis.
    Diet
    The kinds and amounts of foods that a person should eat or avoid eating.
    Dimenhydrinate
    This medicine is used for prevention (prophylaxis) of motion sickness and treatment of vertigo (feeling of losing balance).
    Diphtheria
    Diphtheria is a serious disease that starts fast and affects the tonsils, pharynx, larynx, nose and other membranes; on observation, the infected membranes have a patch of grayish appearance with a surrounding dull red zone of swollen tissue.?
    Discharge
    A release or flowing out of fluid, mucus, or pus.
    Disease
    A disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, esp. one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a
    Dislocations
    Bones that have slipped out of place at a joint.
    Dog Tapeworm (Hydatid, Echinococcus granulosus)
    Hydatid disease is a serious condition caused by cysts from dog tapeworm also called Echinococcus granulosus; the disease affects any tissue or organ of the body where cyst grows into available space and when it affects vital organs (heart, liver, lungs, brain etc), it can cause to death.
    Douche
    A way to wash out the vagina by squirting a stream of water up into it.
    Drowning
    When a person stops breathing (suffocates) from being under water.
    Drug
    A substance that has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body, in particular.
    Ducosate sodium ear drops
    This medicine will help the removal of ear wax from your ears; when deafness or pain is caused by blockage with wax, the use of this medicine may prevent the need for syringing or makes the process easier
    Dysentery
    Dysentery is a serious disease that affects the alimentary canal; it causes diarrhea, vomiting, fever, abdominal cramps among other symptoms

E

    Ear Infection
    This is a disease that occurs inside the ear; it is especially common in children.?
    Earwax
    Earwax, also known as cerumen, is a yellowish waxy material that is produced by the sebaceous gland in the ear canal inside the ear. Earwax lubricates, cleans and protects the lining of the ear canal by repelling water, trapping dirt and making sure insects and germs do not get through and harm the eardrum.
    Earwax Blockage
    Earwax blockage occurs when earwax (cerumen) accumulates in your ear or becomes too hard to wash away naturally.
    Eclampsia
    Sudden fits, especially during pregnancy or childbirth. The result of toxemia of pregnancy.
    Eczema
    Eczema, also called dermatitis, is inflammation of the skin that can appear anywhere on the body. Eczema usually looks red, dry and scaly and it can be very itchy.
    Elephantiasis
    Elephantiasis is a disease caused by small roundworms (nematodes) called filarial worms. People affected by this disease commonly have swelling of the limbs especially the legs; the swelling occurs because of blockage of lymphatic fluid flow.
    Embryo
    The beginnings of an unborn baby when it is still very small.
    Emergency
    A sudden sickness or injury that calls for immediate attention.
    Emetic
    A medicine or drink that makes people vomit. Used when poisons have been swallowed.
    Enema
    A solution of water put up the anus to cause a bowel movement.
    Enterobius vermicularis (Thread, Pin or Seat worm)
    Pinworm infections also known as "seatworm infection," "threadworm infection," "enterobiasis," or "oxyuriasis" are worms which are easily spread by contact.
    Epidemic
    An outbreak of disease affecting many persons in a community or region at the same time.
    Epilepsy
    Epilepsy is a disease which occurs when a part of the brain stops working leading to a loss of consciousness followed by violent jerky movements of the arms and legs
    Erectile Dysfunction
    Erectile dysfunction is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection sufficient to permit satisfactory sexual intercourse
    Evaluation
    A study t find out the worth or value of something or how much has been accomplished. Often done by comparing different factors or conditions before and after a project or activity is underway.
    Evil eye
    A glance or lock from someone believed to have the power to bewitch or do harm to
    Expectorant
    A medicine that helps a person cough up mucus from the respiratory tract (lungs, bronchi, etc.) a cough-helper.
    Expiration date
    The month and year marked on a medicine that tells when it will no longer be good. Throw away most medicines after this date.

F

    Fahrenheit (F)
    A measure or scale of heat and cold. A healthy person’s temperature (normal temperature) is 98.6 F. water freezes T 32 F and boils at 212 F.
    Family planning
    Using birth control methods to plan when to have and not to have children.
    Far sighted
    Being able to see things at a distance better than things close at hand.
    Feces (faeces)
    Spread or transmitted from the stools of one person to his or another person’s mouth, usually by food or drink, or on fingers.
    Fetoscope
    An instrument or tool for listening to sounds made by the unborn baby (fetus) inside the womb.
    Fetus (foetus)
    The developing baby inside the womb.
    Fever
    A person with a body temperature above the normal is said to have a fever.?
    Filariasis (Elephantiasis)
    Elephantiasis is a disease caused by small roundworms (nematodes) called filarial worms.
    First aid
    Emergency care or treatment for someone who is sick or injured.
    Fit
    A sudden, violent attack of a disease, causing convulsions or spasms (jerking of the body that the person cannot control), and sometimes unconsciousness.
    Flu
    A bad cold, often with fever, pain in the joints, and sometimes diarrhea.
    Flukes
    Worms that infect the liver or other parts of the body and cause different diseases. Blood flukes get into the blood and caused schistosomiasis.
    Folic acid
    A nutritious substance found in leafy green vegetable.
    Follicles
    Small lumps.
    Fontanel
    The soft spot on the top of a young babys head.
    Food Poisoning
    Food poisoning is an illness with sudden symptoms of nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and fever which follows immediately after having taken food or water.
    Fractures
    A fracture refers to a breakage of the bone
    Fright
    A great or sudden fear.

G

    Gallbladder
    A small, muscular sac attached to the liver. The gallbladder collects bile, a liquid that helps digest fatty foods.
    Gangrene
    Gangrene is a term which describes the death of an area of the body.
    Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or acid reflux disease or heart burn is a recurrent condition where gastric juices, containing acid from the stomach leaks back into the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach).
    Gastro-esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
    Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or acid reflux disease or heart burn is a recurrent condition where gastric juices, containing acid from the stomach leaks back into the esophagus (the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach).
    Gauze
    A soft, loosely woven kind of cloth used for bandages
    Generic name
    The scientific name of a medicine, as distinct from the brand names given it by different companies that make it.
    Genital Warts
    Genital warts, sometimes called venereal warts, are growths or bumps contracted through sexual contact.
    Genitals
    The organs of the reproductive system, especially the sex organs.
    Germs
    Very small organisms that can grow in the body and cause some infectious diseases; micro-organisms
    Giardia
    A tiny , microscope parasite that can infect the intestines, causing frothy yellow diarrhea.
    Glucose
    A simple form of sugar that the body can use quickly and easily. It is found in fruits and honey, and can be bought as a white powder for use in rehydration drinks.
    Glycerin
    This medicine is used to treat constipation; it works by softening the stool through increase in its water content.
    Goiter (goiter)
    A swelling on the lower front of the neck (enlargement of the thyroid gland) caused by lack of iodine in the diet.
    Gonorrhea
    Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the germ Neisseria gonorrhea.
    Gonorrhea:
    Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by bacterial germ.
    Grain
    A unit of weight based on the weight of a grain of wheat. 1 grain weighs 65 mg.
    Gram (gm. Or g.)
    A metric unit of weight. There are about 28 grams in an ounce. There are 1000 gm. In 1 kilogram.
    Groin
    The front part of the body where the legs join. The genital area.
    Guaifenesin
    This medicine is used to thin secretions so they can be removed from the body by coughing, it is an expectorant.
    Gum
    The firm area of flesh around the roots of the teeth in the upper or lower jaw; sometimes the gums get infected a diseases called pyorrhea, a serious infection that destroys the soft tissue and bone that hold your teeth in position
    Gum Infection
    Gum infection also called pyorrhea, is a serious gum infection that destroys the soft tissue and bone that hold your teeth in position.
    Gut
    Intestines
    Gut thread or gut suture material
    A special thread for sewing or stitching certain wounds, and especially tears from childbirth. The gut thread is slowly absorbed (disappears) so that the stitches do not need to be taken out.

H

    Hare lip
    A split in the upper lip, going from the mouth up to the nose (like a hare or rabbit) some babies are born with a hare lip.
    Health worker
    A person who takes part in making his community a healthier place to live
    Heart Attack
    Heart attack usually occurs when a blood clot blocks the flow of blood through a pipe called heart (coronary) artery which supplies blood to heart muscle.
    Heart bum
    A burning feeling in the lower chest or upper part of the stomach.
    Hemia (rupture)
    An opening or tear in the muscles covering the belly that allows a loop of the gut to push through and form a ball or lump under the skin.
    Hemorrhage (haemorrhage )
    Severe or dangerous bleeding.
    Hemorrhoids (haemorrhoids, piles)
    Small painful bumps or lumps at the edge of the anus or inside it. These are actually swollen or varicose veins.
    Herb
    A plant, especially one valued for its medicinal or healing qualities.
    Hereditary
    Passed on from parent to child.
    Herpes Simplex
    This is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a virus germ, and causes of ulceration of the sex organs.
    Herpes Zoster (Shingles)
    Herpes Zoster is a skin infection which causes a painful rash which usually appears in a band, a strip, or a small area on one side of the face or body.
    Hex
    A magic spell or jinx said to be caused by a witch
    Hexetidine
    This medicine is used to prevent and treat mouth infections; it is important as oral hygiene aid and helps to prevent formation of plaque.
    High Blood Pressure
    High blood pressure or hypertension is a disease of the blood vessels and the heart; it occurs when the pressure in arteries is higher than normal.
    History (medical history)
    What you can learn through asking questions about a person`s sickness-how it began, when it gets better or worse, what seems to help, whether others in the family or village have it etc.
    Hives
    Hard, thick raised spots on the skin that itch severely. They may come and go all at once or move from one place to another. A form of allergic reaction.
    Hookworms
    Hookworms are intestinal blood sucking parasites which cause anemia.
    Hormones
    Chemicals made in parts of the body to do a special job .For example, estrogen and progesterone are hormones that regulate a woman`s period and chance of pregnancy.
    Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. "AIDS" stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. For a person to suffer from AIDS, he/she has to be infected with HIV and have a weakened immune system.
    Hydatid disease
    Hydatid disease is a serious condition caused by cysts from dog tapeworm; the disease affects any tissue or organ of the body where cyst grows into available space and when it affects vital organs (heart, liver, lungs, brain etc), it can cause to death.
    Hydrogen Peroxide Antiseptic Solution
    This medicine is in the form of antiseptic, which is used for cleansing and disinfecting wounds; it is used on burns, preoperative hand and skin disinfection and for general hand disinfection.
    Hydrogen Peroxide solution-Mouthwash, skin solution
    As a mouth wash, this medicine is used to prevent and treat mouth infections including oral candidiasis, gingivitis and management of aphthous ulcers, ulcer surfaces and others.
    Hygiene
    Actions or practices of personal cleanliness that lead to good health.
    Hypertension
    High blood pressure
    Hyperventilation
    Very rapid, deep breathing in a person who is frightened.
    Hypochondria
    Extreme worry or concern over an imagined sickness.
    Hysteria
    (1) In common language a condition of great nervousness, fear, and emotional distress. (2) In medical terms signs of sickness caused by fear or the power of belief.

I

    Ibuprofen
    This medicine is used to relieve pain, inflammation, and fever; this medicine is used to treat arthritis.
    Immunizations (vaccinations)
    Medicines that give protection against specific diseases, for example; diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, and measles.
    Infection
    A sickness caused by bacteria or other germs .Infections may affect part of the body only (such as an infected finger) or all of it (such as measles).
    Infectious disease
    A disease that is easily spread or communicated (passed from one person to another), contagious.
    Inflammation
    area that is red, hot, and painful, often because of infection.
    Influenza
    Influenza is a serious viral infection of the respiratory tract with sudden symptoms of fever, shivers, headache, muscle pains, cough and prostration.
    Insecticide
    poison that kills insects. DDT and lindane are insecticides.
    Insomnia
    A condition in which a person is not able to sleep, even though he wants and needs to.
    Insulin
    A substance (enzyme) produced by the pancreas, which controls the amount of sugar in the blood. Infections of insulin are sometimes needed by persons with diabetes.
    Intestinal parasites
    Worms and tiny animals that get in people`s intestines and cause diseases.
    Intestines
    The guts or tube-like part of the food canal that carries food and finally waste from the stomach to the anus.
    Intramuscular IM) injection
    An injection put into a muscle, usually of the arm or the buttock-different from an intravenous (IV) injection, put directly into a vein.
    Intussusception
    The slipping of one portion of the gut into one nearby, usually causing a dangerous obstruction or blocking of the gut.
    Iris
    The colored or dark part of the eye around the pupil.
    Itch
    This is an uncomfortable, irritating sensation that can make scratching irresistible
    Itching rash or urticaria
    Itching can be acute or chronic. Acute cases happen after eating a particular food or coming in contact with a particular substance that triggers the itch.

J

    Jaundice
    A yellow color of the eyes and skin. It is a sign of disease in the liver, gallbladder, pancreas, or blood.
    Jiggers
    Jiggers also known as sand fleas, are insects which live in sandy places

K

    Kalaazar
    This is a disease which causes intense coloration of the skin, enlargement of the spleen and the liver. Kala Azar is an Indian name meaning black fever which originated from the hyper-pigmentation of the skin. Kala Azar is caused by a protozoa germ.
    Keloids
    Keloids, also known as hypertrophic scars are the excess growth of scar tissue at the site of a healed skin injury; they are oval shaped are always very smooth to touch.
    Keratomalacia
    A dullness and softening of the eye, ending in blindness. It is caused by a lack of vitamin A.
    Kidney stones
    Small stones that form in the kidneys and pass down to the urinary tube. They can cause a sharp pain in the lower back side, urinary tube, or lower belly. In the bladder they may block the urinary tube and make urination painful or impossible.
    Kidneys
    Large, bean-shaped organs in the lower back that filter waste from the blood, forming urine.
    Kilogram (kg.)
    One thousand grams. A `kilo’ is equal to a little over 2 pounds.
    Kwashiorkor (wet malnutrition)
    Severe malnutrition caused by not eating enough protein. A child with kwashiorkor has swollen feet, hands, and face, and peeling sores.

L

    Labor
    The sudden tightening or contractions of the womb that mean the baby will soon be born.
    Lactulose
    This medicine is used to treat constipation; in addition, this medicine is used to prevent or treat changes in thinking caused by severe liver disease (hepatic encephalopathy).
    Larva (larvae)
    The young worm-like form that comes from the egg of many insects or parasites. It changes form when it becomes an adult
    Latrine
    An outhouse; privy; a hole or pit in the ground to use as a toilet.
    Laxative
    A medicine used for constipation that makes stools softer and more frequent.
    Leishmaniasis (Kala Azar or DumDum Fever)
    This is a disease which causes intense coloration of the skin, enlargement of the spleen and the liver.
    Leprosy
    Leprosy is a disease that causes severe, disfiguring skin sores and nerve damage in the arms and legs; it is caused by a bacterial germ
    Ligaments
    Tough cords in a person`s joints that help hold them in place.
    Lingual
    Of or relating to the tongue
    Litre
    A metric measure equal to about one quart. A litre of water weighs one kilogram.
    Liver
    A large organ under the lower right ribs that helps clean the blood and get rid of poisons.
    Loperamide
    Follow directions given by your doctor or other healthcare provider. This medicine can be taken before or after a meal; if it causes stomach-upsets, it is advisable to take it after a meal.
    Loratadine
    This medicine is used to relieve allergy symptoms; it is also used to treat urticaria. Loratadine blocks the allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the bodys reaction to the allergen.
    Loss of consciousness
    The condition of a sick or injured person who seems to be asleep and cannot be wakened, unconsciousness.
    Lubricant
    oil or cream used to make surfaces slippery.
    Lymph nodes
    Small lumps under the skin in different parts of the body that are traps for germs. They become painful and swollen when they get infected. In tuberculosis and cancer they are often swollen but not painful.
    Lyophilized
    Powdered; a way of preparing inject able medicine so that it does not have to be kept cold.

M

    Magnesium Hydroxide
    This medicine is used to treat constipation and is more useful where rapid bowel evacuation is required in cases such as bowel clearance before surgery.
    Malaria
    Malaria is a disease caused by the parasite germ called plasmodium.
    Malnutrition
    Health problems caused by not eating enough of the foods that the body needs.
    Marasmus (dry malnutrition)
    A condition caused by not eating enough. Starvation. The person is very thin and underweight, often with a pot belly.
    Marburg Disease
    This is a dangerous disease caused by a virus germ; it is a bleeding disease and causes rash; it is associated with the green or vervex monkey.
    Mask of pregnancy
    Dark, olive-colored areas on face, breasts, or middle of the belly that are normal in a pregnant woman.
    Mastitis (breast abscess)
    An infection of the breast, usually in the first weeks or months of nursing a baby .It causes part of the breast to become hot, red, and swollen.
    Measles
    Measles is a highly contagious disease which causes a skin rash covering the whole body and flu-like symptoms, including a fever, cough, and runny nose. Measles infection is caused by measles germ a virus.
    Mebendazole
    This medicine is used to treat worm infestations of several types including thread worms, round worms, tape worms and others
    Meclizine
    This medicine is used to relieve nausea and vomiting particularly that which comes with pregnancy; it is also used to treat vertigo.
    Membrane
    A thin, soft sheet or layer that lines or protects some part of an animal or plant.
    Meningitis
    Meningitis is a dangerous disease which attacks suddenly with symptoms of fever, rash, headache, nausea, vomiting and stiff neck; it usually commonly caused by bacteria germs but other microorganisms can cause meningitis especially in those with AIDS
    Menopause (climacteric
    The time when a woman naturally stops having monthly bleeding, usually between the ages of 40 and 50.
    Menstrual period, menstruation
    Monthly bleeding in women.
    Mental
    Of or relating to the mind (thinking, brain).
    Micro-organism
    A tiny plant or animal so small that it can only be seen with the aid of a microscope.
    Microscope
    instrument with lenses that make very tiny objects look larger.
    Microscopic
    Something so small that it can only be seen with a microscope
    Migraine
    Migraine is a severe throbbing headache in most cases affecting one side of the head
    Milligram (mg.)
    One thousandth of a gram
    Milliliter (ml.)
    One thousandth of a litre
    Minerals
    metals or other things the body needs, such as iron, calcium, and iodine.
    Miscarriage (spontaneous abortion)
    The death of the developing baby or fetus in the womb, sometimes followed by heavy bleeding with blood clots.
    Mongolism (Down`s syndrome)
    A disease in which a child is born mentally slow with slanted eyes, a round dull face, and wide hands with short fingers.
    Morning sickness
    Nausea and vomiting that occur especially in the morning in the early months of pregnancy.
    Mouth to mouth breathing
    Artificial respiration. A method of helping a person who has stopped breathing to start breathing again.
    Mucus
    A thick, slippery liquid that moistens and protects the linings of the nose, throat, stomach, guts, and vagina.
    Multivitamins
    Vitamins are necessary for proper growth and good health. A multivitamin will help you and your child get enough essential nutrients.
    Mumps
    Mumps is a disease caused by a virus germ that usually spreads through saliva and can infect many parts of the body, especially the salivary glands.

N

    Naphazoline eye drops
    This medicine is usually applied by the doctor at the hospital or clinic before carrying out an examination of the eye; naphazoline enlarges the pupil of the eye.
    Nappy Rash
    Nappy rash is a very common condition that can cause a babys skin to become sore, red, scaly, and tender.
    Narrow-spectrum antibiotic
    A medicine that works against a limited number of different kinds of bacteria.
    Nasal
    Of or relating to the nose.
    Nausea
    Stomach distress or upset; feeling like you need to vomit.
    Navel
    Belly button; umbilicus; the place in the middle of the belly where the umbilical cord was attached.
    Nerves
    Thin threads or strings that run from the brain to every part of the body and carry messages for feeling and movement.
    Night Blindness (Xerophthalmia)
    Also referred to as dry-eye disease or xerophthalmia this disease mainly affects children between the age of 2 and 5 years; it is a disease of the eyes caused by not eating foods which helps to keep the eyes healthy.
    Non-infectious disease
    A disease that does not spread from person to person.
    Normal
    Usual, natural, or average. Something that is normal has nothing wrong with it.
    Nutritious
    Nourishing. Nutritious foods are those that have the things the body needs to grow, be healthy, and fight off disease.

O

    Obstruction
    A condition of being blocked or clogged. An obstructed gut is a medical emergency.
    Ointment
    A salve or lotion to use on the skin.
    Ophthalmic
    Of the eyes.
    Oral
    By mouth. An oral medicine is one taken by mouth.
    Organ
    A part of the body that is more or less complete in itself and does a specific job. For example, the lungs are organs for breathing.
    Organisms
    Living things (animals or plants).
    Otic
    Having to do with the ears.
    Ounce
    measure of weight equal to about 28 grams. There are 16 ounces in one pound.
    Ovaries
    Small sacs in a woman’s belly next to her womb. They produce the eggs that join with a man’s sperm to make a baby.
    Oxytocics
    Dangerous medicines that cause the womb and blood vessels in it to contract. They should only be used to control a mother’s heavy bleeding after her child is born.

P

    Palate
    The roof or top part of the mouth.
    Pancreas
    An organ below the stomach, on the left side, that produces insulin.
    Pannus
    Tiny blood vessels that appear in the top edge of the cornea in certain eye diseases, like trachoma.
    Para-typhoid Fever
    Paratyphoid fever is a disease caused by bacterial germs
    Paracetamol (Acetaminophen)
    Paracetamol is used to treat many conditions such as headache, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, toothaches, colds, and fevers.
    Paralysis
    Loss of the ability to move part or all of the body.
    Parasites
    Worms and tiny animals that live in or on another animal or person and cause harm. Fleas, intestinal worms, and amebas are parasites.
    Parenteral
    Not by mouth but by injection.
    Pasteurization
    The process of heating milk or other liquids to a certain temperature (60 C) for about 30 minutes in order to kill harmful bacteria
    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
    Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection of the female reproductive system that can occur when a sexually transmitted disease (STD) is not treated.
    Pelvis
    Hip bones.
    Pemicious anemia
    A rare kind of anemia caused by a lack of vitamin B12. Pneumonia means harmful.
    Peritoneum
    The thin lining between the guts and body wall. The bag that holds the guts.
    Peritonitis
    A very dangerous inflammation of the peritoneum. The belly gets hard like a board, and the person is in great pain, especially when he tries to lie with his legs straight.
    Petroleum jelly (petrolatum, Vaseline)
    A grease-like jelly used in preparing skin ointments.
    Pharmacy
    A store that sells medicines and health care supplies.
    Phenylephrine eye drops
    This medicine is usually applied by the doctor at the hospital or clinic before carrying out an examination of the eye; phenylephrine enlarges the pupil of the eye.
    Phlegm
    Mucus with pus that forms in abnormal amounts in the lungs and must be coughed out.
    Piles
    See Hemorrhoids.
    Pimples
    See Acne.
    Pin worm
    Pin worm disease is an infection of the intestines caused by Enterobius vermicularis a parasite which lives in the large intestine; most common sign is irritation and itching of the anus
    Pin Worm, Enterobius vermicularis (Thread or Seat worm)
    Pinworm infections also known as "seatworm infection," "threadworm infection," "enterobiasis," or "oxyuriasis" are worms which are easily spread by contact. Pin worm disease is an infection of the intestinal tract caused by Enterobius vermicularis a parasite which lives in the large intestine
    Placenta (afterbirth)
    The dark and spongy lining inside the womb where the fetus joins the mother’s body. The placenta normally comes out 15 minutes to half an hour after the baby is born.
    Placenta previda
    A condition in which the placenta is too low in the womb and blocks the mouth of the womb. The risk of dangerous bleeding is high. Women who have bleeding late in pregnancy – a possible sign of placenta previa – should go to a hospital at once.
    Plantain
    A kind of banana with a lot of starch and fiber. It is often cooked and eaten when green.
    Pneumococcal Pneumonia
    Pneumonia is a serious disease with symptoms of shivers, fever, chest pain, productive cough and sometimes breathlessness.
    Polio
    Polio is a serious disease caused by polio virus germ; it can lead to paralysis.
    Poliomyelitis
    Polio is caused by virus germs called Polio virus types 1, 2 and 3.
    Pollen
    The fine dust made in the flower of a seed plant. People who are allergic to pollen often have hay fever at times of the year when plants put a lot of this dust into the aire.
    Pork Tapeworm
    Taenia solium also called Pork tapeworm resembles Taenia saginata, the beef tapeworm but is shorter; it measures about 2 to 7 meters and head has two rows of hooks.
    Postpartum
    After childbirth.
    Postpartum hemorrhaging
    Heavy bleeding of the mother following childbirth.
    Povidone-Iodine
    In the form of mouth wash or gargle, this medicine is used to prevent and treat mouth infections including oral candidiasis, gingivitis, and management of aphthous ulcers, ulcer surfaces and others
    Povidone-Iodine Antiseptic
    This medicine is in the form of antiseptic, which is used for cleansing and disinfecting wounds; it is also used on burns, preoperative hand and skin disinfection and for general hand disinfection.
    Power of suggestion or power of belief
    The influence of belief or strong ideas. For example, sick people can feel better because they have faith in a remedy, even if the remedy does not have any medical effect.
    Precaution
    Care taken in advance to prevent harm or prepare for emergencies before they happen.
    Pregnancy
    The period (normally 9 months) when a woman carries a child inside her.
    Premature baby
    A baby born before the full 9 months of pregnancy and weighing less than 2 kilograms.
    Presentation of an arm
    An abnormal position of delivery in which the baby’s hand comes out first during the birth. This is an emergency needing a doctor.
    Prevention
    Action taken to stop sickness before it starts.
    Problems of the Eye
    All injuries to the eye must be considered dangerous owing to the risk of causing blindness.
    Prolapsed
    The slipping or falling down of a part of the body from its normal position, for example, a prolapsed rectum or womb.
    Promethazine
    Promethazine is used to relieve allergy symptoms; it works to block allergic reaction by minimizing or preventing the bodys reaction to the allergen.
    Prophylactic
    The word prophylactic means preventive, but condoms are sometimes called prophylactics.
    Prostate Cancer
    Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland, a part of the male organ that is involved in formation of semen
    Prostate gland
    A firm, muscular gland at the base of the man’s urinary tube, or urethra. Often in older men the prostate becomes enlarged, causing difficulty in urinating.
    Protective foods
    Foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals. They help build healthy bodies and make people more able to resist or fight diseases.
    Proteins
    Body-building foods necessary for proper growth and strength.
    Pseudoephedrine (Nasal)
    This medicine is used to treat nasal congestion. Pseudoephedrine works to shrink swollen nasal tissue and opens up passages.
    Pseudoephedrine (Oral)
    This medicine is used to treat nasal congestion. Pseudoephedrine works to shrink swollen nasal tissue and opens up passages.
    Psyllium
    Psyllium is used to treat constipation; it is also used to treat irritable bowel syndrome as well as to increase fiber in the diet. Psyllium softens the stool by increasing its water content
    Pterygium
    A fleshy growth that slowly extends from the edge of the eye onto the cornea.
    Pubic Lice
    Pubic lice are six-legged parasites that most commonly infest hair in the pubic area, although they also can infest other body hair.
    Pulse
    The number of times a person’s heart beats in one minute.
    Pupil
    The round opening or black center in the iris of the eye. It gets smaller in bright light and larger in the dark.
    Purge
    A very strong laxative that causes diarrhea.
    Pyrantel Pamoate
    Pyrantel pamoate is used to treat a variety of infections caused by worms; it is used to treat round worms, thread worms and hookworms infestation

Q

    R

      Rabies
      Rabies is a disease caused by a virus germ; it infects a human being when bitten by an animal such as a dog or cat;
      Rate
      The number of times something happens in a given amount of time.
      Rebound pain
      A very sharp pain in the abdomen that occurs after the belly is pressed formly and slowly, when the hand is removed suddenly. This pain is a sign of an acute abdomen.
      Rectum
      The end of the large intestine close to the anus.
      Reflex
      An automatic reaction or movement that happens without a person’s trying to do it.
      Rehydration drink
      A drink to correct dehydration, which you can make with boiled water, sugar, salt, and bicarbonate of soda.
      Resistance
      The ability of something to defend itself against something that would normally harm or kill it. Many bacteria become resistant to the effects or certain antibiotics.
      Resource
      What is needed or available for doing or making something. People, land, animals, money, skills, and plants are resources that can be used for improving health.
      Respiration Breathing
      The respiratory system includes the bronchi, lungs, and other organs used in breathing.
      Respiration rate
      The number of times a person breathes in one minute.
      Retardation
      Abnormal slowness of thought, action or mental and emotional growth.
      Rheumatic Fever
      Rheumatic fever is a disease which follows an untreated or poorly treated streptococcal infection of the throat; the symptoms include fever, swelling of heart muscles, arthritis and other symptoms.
      Rhinitis
      An inflammation of the lining of the nose, often caused by allergies. Hay fever.
      Ringworm
      Ringworm is a fungal infection of the scalp or skin, and is named after the ring-like appearance that forms; the circular scaly patch resembles a coin and thus the usual reference as
      Risk
      The possibility of injury, loss, or harm. Danger.
      Road to Health Chart
      A monthly record of a childs weight that shows whether the child is gaining weight normally.
      Rotation of crops
      To grow different crops one after the other in the same field, so that the soil becomes richer rather than weaker from year to year.
      Round Worms
      Round worms also called nematodes are un-segmented worms with a mouth, alimentary canal and anus.
      Rubella Virus
      Rubella virus infection also commonly called German measles is a mild, viral disease with rash which resembles that of measles.
      Rupture
      See Hernia

    S

      Scabies
      Scabies is a skin disease which affects the fingers, wrists, elbows, abdomen, and skin folds and the area around the genitals; it causes severe itching.
      Schistosoma Mansoni
      S.mansoni lives in the intestinal veins. It occurs in stagnant water, in dams, ponds, swamps, irrigation canals, lakes etc
      Senna
      Senna is used to treat constipation; it works to increase the activity of the bowel.
      Sexually transmitted disease (infection)
      Sexually transmitted diseases also called venereal diseases are a group of infections which are spread by sexual contact
      Sexually Transmitted Diseases (Venereal Diseases)
      Sexually transmitted diseases also called venereal diseases are a group of infections which are spread by sexual contact; the name originates from the term Venus-the Roman goddess of beauty and love.
      Sickle Cell Disease
      Sickle cell disease is a form of anemia which changes normal, round red blood cells into crescent moon shape, hence the name.
      Simethicone
      Simethicone is used to relieve excess gas and colic pains; simethicone relieves the pressure caused by gas
      Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis)
      Trypanosomiasis, commonly known as sleeping sickness is a disease which affects the central nervous system.
      Small Pox (Variola Major)
      Small pox is a disease caused by a virus germ; it starts with a sudden high fever and skin rash.
      Smoking
      Smoking refers to the inhalation and exhalation of fumes from burning tobacco in cigars, cigarettes and pipes.
      Sodium Bicarbonate
      This medicine is used to treat heartburn and indigestion; it works to reduce stomach acid. Chewable tablet may be crushed and mixed with food or chewed before swallowing.
      Sore Throat (Streptococcal)
      Sore throat is a disease that affects the throat and causes symptoms of sore throat, swelling of the tonsils and the pharynx.
      Stroke
      Stroke is a medical emergency and occurs when blood supply to a part of the brain is interrupted or severely reduced, leading to lack of oxygen and food to brain tissue.
      Sty
      A sty is a red, painful lump near the edge of the eyelid that may look like a boil or a pimple.
      Syphilis
      Syphilis is a disease which shows both acute and chronic symptoms; dependi

    T

      Tapeworms
      These are worms with characteristic segmented body and are found in the intestines; the structure of tape worm consists of: a head (scolex), neck and segments (proglottides); the head has suckers or hooks. Common types of tapeworms are: Dog tapeworm, Pork tapeworm and Beef tapeworm
      Tetrahydrazoline eye drops
      This medicine is usually applied by the doctor at the hospital or clinic before carrying out an examination of the eye; tetrahydrazoline enlarges the pupil of the eye.
      The Common Cold
      Common cold is an infection of the upper respiratory tract which happens suddenly with symptoms of running nose, tears, irritated throat, shivers and general body weakness lasting 2-7 days.
      Thrush (Moniliasis)
      Thrush is a fungal infection which commonly infects the mouth, the sex organs, and the digestive system among other body organs.
      Trachoma
      This is an infection of the transparent membrane called conjunctiva that lines the eyelid in a newly born baby.
      Trichomoniasis
      Trichomoniasis is a common disease affecting the urinary tract; a person suffering from trichomoniasis, will pass a large quantity of foam-like, and foul smelling yellowish substance from their sex organ.
      Trichuris trichiura
      This is an intestinal worm infestation which is often without any symptoms. This worm is common in warm, moist regions of the world
      Tuberculosis
      Tuberculosis (T.B) is a serious disease that commonly affects the lungs, but can affect other organs in certain situations; TB is caused by a bacterial germ called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
      Typhoid
      Typhoid is a disease which causes the symptoms of headache, fever, constipation, swollen lymph nodes and diarrhea; it can easily spread (contagious). Typhoid disease is caused by a bacteria germ
      Typhoid Fever
      Typhoid is a disease which causes the symptoms of headache, fever, constipation, swollen lymph nodes and diarrhea; it can easily spread (contagious).It is caused a bacterial germ

    U

      V

        Viral hepatitis
        Viral hepatitis is a disease where the liver cells are infected by virus germs causing it to swell. Viral hepatitis is mainly caused by Hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, E and G) and Yellow fever virus
        Vitamin A
        This medicine is used to prevent or treat vitamin A deficiency. Prophylaxis and treatment of Vitamin A deficiency can occur due to inadequate nutrition or intestinal malabsorption.
        Vitamin B Complex
        This medicine is used for prevention and treatment of vitamin B deficiencies; it is used in certain forms of anemia.
        Vitamin B12 (cobalamins)
        This medicine is used for prevention and treatment of vitamin B 12 deficiency; it is used in certain forms of anemia.
        Vitamin B6 (Pyrodoxine)
        This medicine is used to treat isoniazid toxicity, cycloserine toxicity and other conditions in which supplementation is required including alcoholism, burns, hemodialysis, diarrhea and prolonged stress among others.
        Vitamin D
        This medicine is used to treat Vitamin D deficiency due to nutritional insufficiency, intestinal malabsorption and chronic liver disease; it is used to treat rickets and osteomalacia.
        Vitamin E
        Vitamins are necessary for proper growth and good health; vitamin E is thought to protect the body from the harmful effects of a chemical reaction known as oxidation.

      W

        Whip Worm (Trichuris Trichiura)
        Trichuris trichiura is an intestinal worm infestation which in most cases does not show any symptoms.?
        Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
        Whooping cough is a serious disease affecting the respiratory tract and it causes symptoms of severe cough that ends with loud whoops and vomiting and hence the name whooping cough.
        Worms
        There are three types of worms namely: cestodes (tapeworms), trematodes (flukes) and nematodes (roundworms)
        Wounds
        This refers to a break or an injury on the skin or in other parts of the body under the skin; wounds may cause bleeding which if severe may lead to shock owing to loss of blood.?

      X

        Yellow fever
        Yellow fever is a disease which is caused by a virus germ; it develops rapidly causing yellowing of skin and the whites of eyes; it causes fever and bleeding.

      Y

        Z

          Zahanati
          Health Portal
          Zinc Sulphate eye drops
          This medicine is usually applied before carrying out an examination of the eye; zinc sulphate possesses astringent properties and it relieves ey